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PROCLAMATION OF INDEPENDENCE HISTORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

Wednesday, 17 October 2012


Sauara Christian friends, countrymen and compatriots all over the world and wherever Advent Indonesia is ..., while waiting for the fulfillment of Independence straight when the Lord Jesus comes, then we again commemorate Anniversary of the Proclamation of Independence of the Republic of Indonesia to 66. Consider our national history praying that we can fill the Indonesian independence with things noble grand for personal, family and our nation. It would be part of God's salvation we all! Freedom!Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Friday, August 17, 1945 M or 17 Ramadan 1365 H) read by Ir. Sukarno, who was accompanied by Drs. Muhammad Hatta Road East Pegangsaan 56, Cikini, Central Jakarta.Here's a brief history of the series of events leading up to the Proclamation of Independence:August 6, 1945Two atomic bombs dropped on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States. This led to Japan's surrender to the United States and its allies. This moment is also used by Indonesia for its independence.August 7, 1945BPUPKI renamed PPKI (Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence).August 9, 1945Sukarno, Hatta and Radjiman Wedyodiningrat flown to Vietnam to meet Marshal Terauchi. They reported that Japanese troops were heading for destruction but the Japanese wanted the independence of Indonesia on August 24.August 10, 1945Meanwhile, in Indonesia, Sutan Syahrir had heard the news on the radio that the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies. The underground fighters preparing to proclaim the independence of Indonesia, and rejected form of independence given as a gift of Japan. Syahrir poet Anwar told about the atomic bombs dropped on Nagasaki and that Japan had received an ultimatum from the Allies to surrender. Syahrir know it through foreign radio broadcasts, which when it was forbidden. The news then spread in the environment, especially the youth advocates Syahrir.August 11, 1945Japan through Marshal Terauchi in Dalat, Vietnam, told Sukarno, Hatta and Radjiman that the proclamation of Indonesia's independence can be implemented within a few days.
August 14, 1945When Sukarno, Hatta and Radjiman returned to their homeland from Dalat (250 km to the northeast of Saigon), Syahrir urged Sukarno declared independence immediately because he thought the meeting in Dalat as a foul deception Japan, because the Japanese all the time had to be surrendered to the Allies and in order to avoid a split in the nationalist camp, between the anti-and pro with Japan. Sjahrir Hatta told about the meeting in Dalat.Meanwhile, prepare Syahrir followers who will demonstrate and may even be ready to face the Japanese Army in that they will use violence. Syahrir has compiled a proclamation and have shipped all over Java to be printed and distributed. Sukarno was not yet convinced that the Japanese had surrendered, and the proclamation of independence of Indonesia when it could cause great bloodshed, and can have fatal consequences if not ready fighters Indonesia, Soekarno Hatta warned that Syahrir no right to declare independence because it is the right of the Preparatory Committee for Independence Indonesia (PPKI).August 15, 1945Japan surrendered to the Allies. Japanese Army and Navy are still in power in Indonesia because of Japan has promised to return power to the Dutch in Indonesia. After hearing rumors of Japan will knees, Soekarno and Hatta went to military rulers of Japan (Gunsei) to obtain confirmation in his office in Koningsplein (Merdeka Square). But the office was empty.Sukarno and Hatta with Soebardjo then to the office Bukanfu, Admiral Maeda, on Jalan Imam Bonjol. Maeda welcome them with congratulations on their success in Dalat. As he says he has not received confirmation and are still waiting for instructions from Tokyo. Coming home from Maeda, Sukarno and Hatta immediately prepare for the meeting of the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) on August 16 at 10 pm the next day at the office Pejambon Road No 2 to discuss all things related to the Constitution which the day before had prepared Hatta.August 16, 1945
Pressures upheaval wants takeover Indonesia launched its followers mounting Syahrir. During the day they gathered in homes Hatta, and about 10 pm at the Soekarno. About 15 youths demanded immediate Sukarno proclaimed independence over the radio, followed by the takeover of power. They also refused PPKI plans to declare independence on August 16.
Events RengasdengklokPPKI meeting on August 16 at 10 am was not implemented because of Sukarno and Hatta did not appear. The meeting participants do not know Rengasdengklok event has occurred. The young fighters, including Chaerul Saleh, who joined the underground movement lost patience, and in the early morning of August 16, 1945 they kidnapped Sukarno (along Fatmawati Guntur-old and 9 months) and Hatta, and took him to Rengasdengklok, which became known as Rengasdengklok event. Here, they are re-assured Soekarno that Japan had surrendered and the fighters are ready to fight the Japanese, no matter what.
Meeting Sukarno / Hatta with General YamamotoAt night, Soekarno and Hatta returned to Jakarta, met with General Yamamoto and overnight at the residence of Vice Admiral Maeda Tadashi. Of communication between Hatta and his right hand was the commander of the Japanese in Java, Sukarno and Hatta became convinced that the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies, and no longer have the authority to grant independence.
Manuscript ProclamationKnowing that proclamation without bloodshed was not possible anymore, Sukarno, Hatta and other PPKI meeting that night and prepare the text of the Proclamation which was then read on the morning of August 17, 1945.Formerly the youth proposed that the text of the proclamation states all government officials should be controlled by the people of the foreign parties that still hang. But the majority of the members PPKI refused and was agreed as the text of the proclamation until now. The youth also demanded six young men signed the proclamation with Sukarno and Hatta, and not the members PPKI. The youth considered PPKI represent Japan. Compromise was realized by putting the phrase "on behalf of Indonesia" Soekarno-Hatta. The draft text of the proclamation is then typed by Sayuti Melik.

Fill Text ProclamationFill in the brief text of the proclamation of independence are:

    
We hereby proclaim the Indonesian nation
    
Indonesia's independence.
    
Matters which the displacement kekoeasaan etc., held
    
closely with the manner and within the shortest possible time.
    
Djakarta, day 17 Boelan 8 tahoen 05
    
On behalf of the Indonesian nation.
    
Sukarno / Hatta

Here the 05 years since it was written in accordance with the Japanese year when it was the year 2605. Text above is for a set of Sayuti Melik (or Sajoeti Melik), one of the youth leaders who took part in the preparation of the proclamation. While the actual text composition results Muh.Hatta, A.Soebardjo, and assisted by Ir.Soekarno as registrar. The authentic sound of the manuscript text as follows:
ProclamationWe hereby proclaim the Indonesian nationIndonesia's independence.Matters which the displacement kekoeasaan etc., heldcarefully and with the manner in which the entire periodshortest possible time.Djakarta, 17-8 - '45Wakil2 Indonesia.
Manuscript Reading Seconds Proclamation

Original manuscript proclamation placed on the National MonumentNegotiations between the younger and older groups in the preparation of the text of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence took place at 2:00 to 4:00 a.m. in the morning. Text of the proclamation was written in the dining room at Admiral Tadashi Maeda Jln Imam Bonjol No. 1. The author of the text of the proclamation is Ir. Sukarno, Drs. Moh. Hatta, and Mr. Ahmad Soebarjo. The concept proclamation written by Ir. Sukarno himself. In the front room, attended BM Diah Sayuti Melik, Sukarni and Soediro. Sukarni proposed that the text of the proclamation was signed Ir. Sukarno and Drs. Moh. Hatta on behalf of the Indonesian nation. Indonesia's Proclamation text typed by Sayuti Melik. The next morning, August 17, 1945, at the residence of Sukarno, East 56th Street Pegangsaan have attended, among others Soewirjo, Wilopo, Gafar Pringgodigdo, Tabrani and Trimurti. The event begins at 10:00 pm with the reading of the proclamation by Sukarno and connected speech without text. Then the flag, which had been sewn by Mrs. Fatmawati, raised, followed by remarks by Soewirjo, deputy mayor of Jakarta at the time and Moewardi, led Barisan Pioneer.At first Trimurti asked to raise the flag but he refused on the grounds pengerekan flag should be carried by a soldier. Therefore instituted Hendraningrat Latif, a soldier MAP, assisted by Soehoed for the task. A young woman emerged from behind a tray flag (Sang Saka Merah Putih), were sewn by Fatmawati few days earlier. After the flag flying, the audience sing Indonesia Raya. [4]. Until now, the flag is still stored heritage monument museum National Monument.After the ceremony took place, approximately 100 members of Barisan Pioneers led S.Brata come in a hurry because they do not know where sudden changes of Ikada to Pegangsaan. They demand repeat readings Proclamation Sukarno, but was rejected. Finally Hatta gave a brief message to them. [5]On August 18, 1945, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) decisions, approve and set the Basic Law (Constitution) as the foundation of the Republic of Indonesia, which became known as the Constitution 45. Thus formed the Government in the form of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia) with sovereignty in the hands of the people who carried out entirely by the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR), which will be established later.After that Sukarno and M.Hatta elected at the proposal of Oto PPKI Iskandardinata and approval of the president and vice-president of the Republic of Indonesia first. President and Vice President will be assisted by a National Committee.
Fill Text Proclamation - Manuscript KladWe hereby proclaim the Indonesian nationIndonesia's independence.Hal2 which the displacement kekoeasaan etc., heldclosely with the manner and within the entire periodthe shortest possible time.Djakarta, 17-8-05Representatives of the Indonesian nation.Sukarno / Hatta
CHANGED AFTER NEW DRAFTIn the proclamation, there are several changes that are on:• Word entire period was changed to tempo• Word Representatives of Indonesia changed to the name of Indonesia• Word Djakarta, 17-8-05 changed to Djakarta, day 17 Boelan 08 years '05• The text of the proclamation is not signed then klad be authentic and signed by Ir. Sukarno and Drs. Moh.Hatta• Word hal2 converted into Matters
Fill in the brief text of the proclamation of independence are:We hereby proclaim the Indonesian nationIndonesia's independence.Matters which the displacement kekoeasaan etc., heldclosely with the manner and withinthe shortest possible time.Djakarta, day 17 Boelan 8 tahoen 05On behalf of the Indonesian nation.Sukarno / Hatta
Here the 05 years since it was written in accordance with the Japanese year when it was the year 2605.
DRAFT AUTHENTICDifficulty playing media files?Text above is for a set of Sayuti Melik (or Sajoeti Melik), one of the youth leaders who took part in the preparation of the proclamation.ProclamationWe hereby proclaim the Indonesian nationIndonesia's independence.It ² which the displacement kekoeasaan etc., heldcarefully and with the manner in which the entire periodshortest possible time.Djakarta, 17-8 - '05Wakil2 Indonesia.
PROCLAMATION OF INDEPENDENCE TO SPREAD TEXT INDONESIAMenteng 31 buildings were used as a new radio transmitter Indonesia's territory is vast. Communication and transportation around the year 1945 is still very limited. In addition, barriers and restrictions to spread the news of the proclamation by the Japanese in Indonesia, a number of factors that led to the proclamation of the news has been delayed in some areas, especially outside Java. But with determination and fighting spirit, ultimately proclamation event known by all the people of Indonesia. More details follow the discussion below. Spread the proclamation of independence August 17, 1945 in Jakarta can be done quickly and soon spread widely. Later that day, the text of the proclamation had been up in the hands of the Office of the Head of Radio Domei (now ANTARA News), Waidan B. Palenewen. He received the text of the proclamation of a journalist named Domei Syahruddin. Then he ordered F. Wuz (a wireless operator), so news of the proclamation was broadcast three times in a row. New double F. Wuz perform their duties, the Japanese go to the radio room angrily, since learning of the proclamation has gone out through the air.
Although the Japanese news broadcast to a halt proclamation, but still ask Waidan Palenewen F. Wuz to continue broadcasting. News of the proclamation of independence is repeated every half hour until 16.00 when the broadcast stopped. As a result of the broadcast, the head of the Japanese in Java ordered to rectify the news and expressed as a mistake. On August 20, 1945 by the Japanese sealed transmitter and its employees are banned. Although the office Domei sealed transmitter, the youth with Jusuf Ronodipuro (a newsreader on Radio Domei) turned out to make a new transmitter with the help of a radio technician, among Sukarman, Sutamto, Susilahardja, and Suhandar. They set up a new transmitter in Menteng 31, the code calls DJK 1. From here the next news broadcast proclamation of independence.
Effort and struggle of the youth in spreading the news of the proclamation was also made through media releases and pamphlets. Almost all the Javanese daily in the publication dated August 20, 1945 carried a story proclamation of independence and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. Asia Suara Surabaya is the first paper that contains news of the proclamation. Some youth leaders are struggling through the press, among others BM Diah, Sayuti Melik, and Sumanang. The proclamation of independence was also disseminated to the people of Indonesia through the installation of placards, posters and graffiti on walls and train carriages, for example with the slogan Respect our Constitution, August 17! (Respect our Constitution 17th August!) Through various means and media, eventually Indonesia Independence Proclamation news can spread widely in Indonesia and abroad. In addition to mass media, news of the proclamation also distributed directly by the delegates who attended the hearing PPKI area. Here are the messengers who spread the news PPKI proclamation.
• Teuku Mohammad Hassan of Aceh.• Sam Ratulangi of Sulawesi.• Ktut Pudja of the Lesser Sunda (Bali).• A. A. Hamidan of Borneo.
Warning August 17, 1945Every year on August 17, the people of Indonesia Independence Day is celebrated with much fanfare. Start of the race mounting nut, cracker eating contest, until a military ceremony at the Presidential Palace, all parts of the community to participate in a way of each.
Warning Proclamation SecondsWarning seconds Proclamation at the Presidential Palace chaired by the President as Inspector Ceremony. This warning is normally broadcast live by all television stations. The events on the morning include: shooting guns and sirens, the flag raising Saka Merah Putih (Flag Heritage), Proclamation readings, etc.. In the afternoon there is a flag shows the decline in Saka Merah Putih.
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